In Poland, mead or miód pitny has a specific categories according to the amount of honey used for production.
- Czwórniak is made from a honey solution consisting of 1 part water and 3 parts honey. This type of mead matures for one year and is the driest of all species. It tends to be around 11% alcohol.
- Trójniak is fermented from a solution containing 1 part honey and 2 parts water to form semi-sweet mead, which has from 12-15% alcohol.
- Dwójniak is a sweet mead that is made by mixing and fermenting 1 liter of honey and 1 liter of water and can reach up to 16% alcohol. Dwójniak matures for 3-5 years.
- Półtorak is produced in a ratio of 1 liter of honey to 0.5 liters of water. This species has the most alcohol between 15-18%. It is the sweetest of all Polish mead and matures for the longest - 5 to 10 years.
A characteristic of Polish production is that herbs and spices are often added during production and honey is also combined with fruit juice. So we rarely find natural mead without ingredients. In recent years, legislation has been amended and honey and other additives can be added even after fermentation, and a minimum amount of alcohol is set for some species.
Polish mead has gained popularity around the world for its long-term high quality.